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Sunday, January 29, 2012

Is Eczema That?

Sunday, January 29, 2012
Is Eczema That?

Eczema or dermatitis is the medical term for a skin disorder where the skin looks inflamed and irritated. This inflammation can occur anywhere but are most often affected are the hands and feet. This type of eczema is the most common atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis.

Symptoms of eczema will begin to appear in childhood, especially when their children aged over 2 years. In some cases, the eczema will disappear with age, but not a few others who will suffer all his life. With proper treatment, the disease can be controlled by either reducing the recurrence rate.

What are the Symptoms of Eczema?

Wherever the location of the onset of eczema, the main symptom is itching perceived patient. Sometimes the itching has appeared before signs of redness on the skin. Symptoms of redness usually appears on the face, knees, hands and feet, but did not rule redness appears in other areas.

The affected area will feel very dry, thickened or scab. In whites, this area will initially pink and then turn brown. Meanwhile, in people with darker skin, eczema affects the skin pigment so that the eczema area will appear lighter or darker.

What Causes Eczema?

The cause of eczema is actually not known with certainty, but some experts suspect the power of eczema associated with the activity of the body's defense (immune) is excessive. This causes the body to overreact to bacteria or irritants that are not harmful to the skin. Therefore, eczema is commonly found in families with a history of allergic disease or asthma.

Each each person has different triggers eczema different. There are people who, after holding the soap or detergent will feel itchy exceptional, some are caused by material or other appliance. Symptoms that arise are varied, there is a mild itch but the burning sensation of the dominant, some are otherwise. Upper respiratory tract infection or flu can also trigger the onset of eczema. Stress experienced by patients will make symptoms worse.

Although healing of eczema is very difficult to do, but in many cases, patients can reduce recurrence by doing the right treatment and avoiding irritants / allergens that cause eczema. Keep in mind, the disease is not contagious and will not spread from one person to another.

How is it treated?

The main goal of treatment is to relieve itching to prevent infection. When the skin feels very dry and itchy, lotions and moisturizing creams are strongly encouraged to make your skin moist. This action is usually done when the skin is still slightly wet, like when finished bath so that a topical lotion to retain moisture. Cold compresses are also thought to reduce the itching that occurs.

Ointments or creams containing corticosteroids such as hydrokortison given to reduce inflammation or inflammation. For severe cases, doctors will give corticosteroid tablets and if the area had been infected eczema then it could be given antibiotics to kill bacteria that cause infection. Another drug that is required is an antihistamine to relieve itching that is too heavy, and cyclosporin for patients who do not respond to all types of treatment provided.

How to Prevent?

The emergence of eczema can be avoided by doing some of the tips below:
Keep your skin moist.
Avoid changes in temperature and humidity of a sudden.
Avoid sweating too much or too hot.
Reduce Stress.
Avoid clothing that uses materials such as wool and scratching others.
Avoid soaps with ingredients that are too hard, detergents and other solutions.
Avoid other environmental factors that can trigger allergies such as pollen, dust, animal dander, and others.
Be careful in choosing foods that can cause allergies.

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